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What is Mako Robot-Assisted Knee Surgery?

Mako robot-assisted knee surgery

Osteoarthritis can make daily activities difficult, and if non-surgical treatments are ineffective, surgery may be your best option for pain and stiffness relief. Knee replacement surgery is now more precise and efficient than ever.

So, if you’re one of those millions of people experiencing pain from arthritis or a knee injury and haven’t found adequate relief with conservative treatment options, Mako Robot-Assisted Knee surgery may be apt for you.

What is Mako robotic-assisted knee surgery?

Mako robot-assisted surgery is a knee replacement surgery technology. It enables your orthopaedic surgeon to plan your surgery using Mako’s software and then perform it by guiding the robotic arm to remove bone and cartilage with utmost precision.

What is the use of Mako robotic-assisted surgery?

This technology enables our surgeon to develop a 3D virtual model of your knee’s anatomy using a CT scan. Because of the uniquely detailed and personalised view, he or she can create a surgery plan that can be adjusted during the procedure as per the necessities.

Furthermore, when our surgeon prepares the bone for the implant, the robotic arm leads the surgeon within the predefined area, resulting in a more accurate and well-aligned knee replacement.

What are the benefits of Mako robot surgery?

There are several benefits, but here are a few of them:

  • It is suitable for partial or total knee replacement.
  • Assists in the development of a personalised surgical plan
  • Provides your surgeon with real-time sensory feedback.
  • This gives your surgeon complete control.
  • Assists in the proper preparation of the bone
  • Allows for precise implant placement.
  • It results in less blood loss and a smaller scar.
  • Aids in the preservation of healthy bone and soft tissue
  • Less post-operative pain than manual techniques; faster recovery and shorter hospital stay

Who is suitable for Mako robotic-assisted surgery?

If you are a candidate for traditional knee replacement, you are almost certainly a candidate for robotic-assisted knee replacement. It is critical that you consult with your doctor to determine whether surgery or other non-surgical options for treating your knee are best for you.

Even the most complex knee joint disease can be treated with robotic knee replacements.

Mako replacement surgery is designed for patients who suffer from severe pain or stiffness as a result of noninflammatory degenerative joint diseases such as osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis, or avascular necrosis, rheumatoid arthritis, or post-traumatic arthritis. Mako may be a good option for those who have not benefited from other options such as bracing, medication, or joint fluid supplements – or who have had other unsuccessful surgeries – and are looking for their next step.

In short, patients with the following conditions can consider Mako robot surgery:

  • Femoral deformities caused by an injury
  • Complex degeneration
  • Hardware from previous surgeries

What is the procedure for Mako robotic-assisted surgery?

Our surgeon will use Mako to create a 3-D virtual model of your knee. He or she will then virtually place the implant, and once it is in the proper position, this plan will be carried out during surgery.

Mako’s robot arm, along with the doctor, holds the surgical instrument while you are under general anaesthesia. The pre-surgical plan will be overlaid on the real-time surgery for the surgeon to use as a guide, and the instruments will be under his or her control during the entire procedure.

The robotic instrument has tracking eyes and can compensate for very small knee movements if they occur. It particularly prepares the bone along visual boundaries that protect the vital structure of the knee and removes only the affected portion. The implant is in place, the joint is properly balanced, and your surgeon can make any necessary adjustments.

How is Mako robot surgery different from the conventional surgery method?

The techniques used by your surgeon to perform your procedure are similar to open surgery. The main distinction is how your surgeon enters the surgical site.

Our surgeon will make small incisions rather than large ones. Another distinction is that surgical instruments require less space to function. This reduces the need to move your muscle tissue and organs.

How is Mako robotic-assisted knee surgery advantageous?

One of the primary benefits is that it allows for surgery through smaller incisions.

Here are a few other advantages of robotic surgery:

Greater precision: The movements of the robotic arm are more precise than those of a human hand. And they have a wider range of motion. The arms rotate instruments in tight spaces in ways that would not be possible otherwise.

Better visualisation: A high-definition camera provides magnified views of the surgical area. It also has superior 3D imaging capabilities to the naked eye.

Use of small instruments: Use of smaller instruments allow surgeons to perform steps of the operation inside your body, whereas previously, they would have had to make a much larger incision to do that part of the procedure outside of your body.

Why should you consider robotic knee surgery?

Helps in planning your surgery systematically according to your anatomy

Prior to surgery, you will have a CT scan of your joint, which will be used to create a 3D virtual model of your specific anatomy. The virtual model is fed into the Mako system software and used to generate your customised per-operative plan.

During surgery, your surgeon directs the robotic arm as it prepares the bone and positions the implant according to your personalised pre-operative plan. The Mako system enables the surgeon to make changes to your surgical plan as needed during the procedure.

Lower risks and complications

During surgery, the Mako system guides the surgeon’s cuts within the pre-defined area and assists in keeping the surgeon from moving outside of the planned boundaries. When making surgical cuts to prepare the bone for the implant, the surgeon can get within 2mm of where they need to be. This allows for more precise placement, lowering the risk of complications.

Less pain and quicker recovery

A higher level of precision and accuracy not only results in a safer procedure but also less pain and a faster recovery. Many patients undergoing this surgery have witnessed healing within just 3 weeks of time, aiding them to get back to their respective work comfortably.

How successful is MAKO robotic-assisted surgery?

According to expert surgeons, knee replacement can have a 95% success rate. Following surgery, patients experience pain relief that lasts for the next 15-20 years. Patients must also follow the post-operative care instructions provided by the doctors. A combination of the right lifestyle and the right surgical procedure can extend the implant’s lifespan to 30 years.

However, thanks to the benefits of Robotic Knee Surgery, the success rate is nearly 100%. The recovery rate is also faster, and the effects last longer than traditional surgery. Moreover, the procedure is quite robust; hence it is not limited to those over the age of 50. Those under the age of 60 who have knee injuries or other knee irregularities can also seek this treatment as a better option to relieve their pain.

What do research studies claim?

As a result, robotic systems were developed to improve accuracy in implant sizing, component positioning, and bone preparation, reducing the risk of outliers and, hopefully, improving clinical outcomes and long-term survivorship.

The studies also reveal that while early robotic systems failed to provide any meaningful clinical benefit or justify the additional costs, newer robotic systems have shown promising results in terms of minimising soft tissue damage, reducing hospital stays, and improving short-term functional outcomes.

Seek robotic-assisted surgery expertise at Dr Omar Sabri’s

Suffering from unending knee discomfort? Our consultant Dr Omar Sabri creates an effective treatment plan tailored to your specific needs in order to provide you with relief and get you back on your feet.

Dr Sabri is a highly qualified consultant orthopaedic surgeon in Dubai with extensive experience performing complex robot-assisted joint replacements. He is the only MAKO, NAVIO, and CORI certified surgeon in the region. He focuses on accuracy, better implant fit, and faster recovery through these high-tech surgeries. As a result, he has many successful robot-assisted surgery cases under his hat. People frequently look up to him as well as refer him for robot-assisted knee surgeries.

So, make an appointment with Dr Omar Sabri today if you have knee pain and stiffness due to osteoarthritis and want to understand more about Mako.