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All about Arthroscopic Knee Surgery

arthroscopic knee surgery

Earlier, surgery meant a long deep cut in flesh, blood loss, slower recovery, and bed rest for weeks. Today, with superior medical advancements and surgical techniques, surgery has become much more efficient and takes lesser recovery time. The latest arthroscopic surgeries are garnering applause worldwide for the following reasons. 

  • Accurate surgery
  • Smaller Incisions
  • Lesser recovery downtime
  • Lesser blood loss 
  • Day time procedure

BUT WHAT IS ARTHROSCOPIC SURGERY?

Arthroscopic surgery is a surgery via an arthroscope which is a small device with a camera on top. It is inserted through keyhole incisions in the joint for diagnosis or treatment. The surgeon creates one or more keyhole-size incisions in preplanned sites called portals, through which arthroscope and other surgical instruments are inserted to repair damaged structures. 

Arthroscopic knee surgery is also known as “scoping the knee” or “ knee arthroscopy,” which means to look inside the knee. 

Scope Of Arthroscopic Knee Surgery

Though all knee surgeries cannot be done with arthroscopy, most knee issues can be sorted with arthroscopic knee surgical treatment. Here is an elaborate list of knee disabilities that can be sorted with knee arthroscopy.

  • Meniscus Surgery To Remove Torn Meniscus: 

Meniscectomy is a surgery to remove a portion of meniscus cartilage from the knee joint. The meniscus is a shock-absorbing cartilage wedge that sits between the bones to provide cushioning and support.  Through arthroscopy, small tears can be trimmed to relieve the symptoms of a torn meniscus.

  • Meniscus Repair: 

Meniscus repair is a surgical procedure to repair the damaged meniscus. It can restore the knee’s anatomy and has long-term benefits when performed successfully. However, It is a more significant surgery. The recovery is longer, and the repair is not always possible because of the limited blood supply to the meniscus.

  • ACL Reconstruction: 

The ACL is one of the four major ligaments of the knee. The ACL is critical to establishing the knee’s stability, and people with injured ACL often complain of their knee popping out and find it hard to put pressure on the knee. Therefore, many patients who sustain torn injuries opt for surgical treatment of this injury.

In contrary to open surgery, one or two keyhole portals are made on an accurate spot on the knee to access the ACL easily, and the repair or reconstruction is done. Usually, ACL reconstruction is done by repairing with an ACL graft.

  • Microfracture: 

Microfracture is a treatment for stimulating new cartilage growth in the damaged articular cartilage. In a microfracture procedure, the outer layer of bone below cartilage is perforated, exposing inner layers of bone-marrow to rush in through perforations, allowing marrow to fill the gap and stimulate natural cartilage healing and growth.

  • Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation:

In ACI, arthroscopic surgery is used to identify areas of cartilage damage and harvest cartilage cells. The person’s cells are then grown in the lab and reimplanted in the joint in a separate procedure, open rather than arthroscopic surgery.

  • Cartilage Transfer/OATS: 

Cartilage transfer involves moving cartilage from healthy parts of the joint to damaged areas. Small plugs of cartilage are removed with a portion of the underlying bone and transferred to the area of damage. The plugs are taken from the common areas where the cartilage surface is unnecessary.

Conclusion

Arthroscopic knee surgery treatment is very common and safe for all ages and widely opted for by athletes for ailing sports injuries. It also helps treat knee osteoarthritis and reduces the chances of knee replacements.

With its endless scope of surgical applications, it has helped surgeons overcome the limitations of open surgeries. Though not all surgical procedures can be performed through small incisions, it can at least reduce the chances of two open surgeries to one. 

Dr Omar Sabri is a highly qualified modern-day tech-savvy surgeon. With over two decades of experience as an orthopaedic, he specialises in a vast number of complex hip and knee surgeries. He is among a few MAKO(Robotic Arm Assisted Makoplasty) trained surgeons in Dubai who possess the utmost diligence and vision for performing successful surgeries.

He frequently performs arthroscopic procedures to optimally treat a vast range of joint problems. So if your knees are hurting, visit us to seek an accurate diagnosis and treatment by one of the most revered orthopaedic surgeons in Dubai.